10. 02. 2007

FIFA undersøger FCM og DBU i sag om nigerianske spillere

Spillerforeningen: ”Reglen om forbud imod klubskifte for mindreårige spillere er nødvendig og skal følges.”

Spillerforeningen: ”Reglen om forbud imod klubskifte for mindreårige spillere er nødvendig og skal følges.”Efter at have erfaret, at FC Midtjylland har hentet mindreårige nigerianske spillere til klubben og fået spilletilladelse til spillerne af DBU, valgte den internationale spillerforening FIFPro i mandags at indberette den danske klub og DBU for at have overtrådt FIFA’s regler om beskyttelse af mindreårige. Se indberetningen fra FIFPro via nedenstående link.

Direktør for Spillerforeningen, Mads Øland, der også er bestyrelsesmedlem i FIFPro, bakker op om FIFA’s regler på området:

”Når FIFA har en regel, der skal beskytte imod trafficking af mindreårige fra den tredje verden, skal alle de danske klubber naturligvis overholde det. Reglen er nødvendig. Ellers ender vi i den ubehagelige situation, hvor mange europæiske klubber vil kappes om at hente en stor mængde håbefulde mindreårige spillere ind. Efter en grovsortering vil de fleste blive sendt hjem med et nederlag i bagagen. Eller endnu værre bliver de sendt fra klub til klub i Europa. Kun få slipper igennem nåleøjet, som det har været tilfældet i FCM.”

Klare regler på området

Kernen i sagen drejer sig om artikel 19 i FIFA’s regelsæt om transfer af spillere.

”FIFA’s regler er heldigvis meget klare på området, og der gøres ikke nogen undtagelser for, at klubber må få spilletilladelse til en spiller, hvad enten denne er på amatørbasis eller er studerende ved siden af,” udtaler Mads Øland.

FIFA har i et nyudkommet officielt dokument (”Commentary on the Regulations for the Status and Transfer of Players”) selv kommenteret fortolkningen af reglen, hvor det fastslås, at de enkelte landes fodboldforbund har ansvaret for ikke at udstede spilletilladelse til en spiller, hvis ikke reglen er overholdt. I FIFA’s “Commentary on the Regulations for the Status and Transfer of Players” lyder det om artikel 19 i transfer reglerne:

“(…) Associations (DBU, red.) and leagues shall ensure the correct application of these provisions and make sure that the requirements set out in this article are observed whenever a club applies for the registration of a player who is under the age of 18.

If a club does not comply with the aforementioned provisions, the association shall not register the player.”

Se den fulde version af FIFA’s “Commentary on the Regulations for the Status and Transfer of Players” via nedenstående link.

En sag med fortilfælde

FIFA har tidligere behandlet lignende sager, hvor det blev fastslået, at klubber ikke må tilknytte mindreårige fra fx Sydamerika eller Afrika.

Således fik den spanske klub Cadiz ikke lov til at hente en mindreårig spiller fra Paraguay i 2005, og den internationale sportsdomstol CAS anerkendte FIFA’s ret til at håndhæve reglerne om beskyttelsen af mindreårige. Se den fulde version af CAS’ dom via nedenstående link.

I den danske sag er det nu derfor op til FIFA’s Player’s Status Committee at udmåle en passende straf for overtrædelsen af reglerne i Danmark til DBU og FC Midtjylland.

FAKTA:

Artikel 19 fra FIFA’s “Regulations for the Status and Transfer of Players”:

“Article 19 – Protection of Minors:

1. International transfers of players are only permitted if the player is over the age of 18.

2. The following three exceptions to this rule apply:

a) The player’s parents move to the country in which the New Club is located for reasons not linked to football; or

b) The transfer takes place within the territory of the European Union (EU) or European Economic Area (EEA) and the player is aged between 16 and 18. In this case, the New Club must fulfil the following minimum obligations:

i. It shall provide the player with an adequate football education and/or training in line with the highest national standards.

ii. It shall guarantee the player an academic and/or school and/or vocational education and/or training, in addition to his football education and/or training, which will allow the player to pursue a career other than football should he cease playing professional football.

iii. It shall make all necessary arrangements to ensure that the player is looked after in the best possible way (optimum living standards with a guest family or in club accommodation, appointment of a mentor at the club etc.).

iv. It shall, on registration of such a player, provide the relevant Association with proof that it is complying with the aforementioned obligations; or

c) The player lives no further than 50 km from a national border, and the club for which the player wishes to be registered in the neighbouring Association is also within 50 km of that border. The maximum distance between the player’s domicile and the club’s quarters shall be 100 km. In such cases, the player must continue to live at home and the two Associations concerned must give their explicit consent.

3. The conditions of this article shall also apply to any player who has never previously been registered for a club and is not a national of the country in which he wishes to be registered for the first time.

4. Each Association shall ensure the respect of this provision by its clubs.

5. The Players’ Status Committee shall be competent to decide on any dispute arising in relation to these matters and shall impose appropriate sanctions in case of violation of this provision.”

Se den fulde version af fra FIFA’s “Regulations for the Status and Transfer of Players” via nedenstående link.

Links til dokumenter (PDF-format)

FIFPro’s klage til Player’s Status Committee, FIFA

Regulations for the Status and Transfer of Players


Commentary on the Regulations for the Status and Transfer of Players

CAS’ afgørelse i sagen “Cadiz Caballero vs. FIFA”

For yderligere kommentarer kontakt:

Mads Øland, tlf.: 23 20 07 15




Efter at have erfaret, at FC Midtjylland har hentet mindreårige nigerianske spillere til klubben og fået spilletilladelse til spillerne af DBU, valgte den internationale spillerforening FIFPro i mandags at indberette den danske klub og DBU for at have overtrådt FIFA’s regler om beskyttelse af mindreårige. Se indberetningen fra FIFPro via nedenstående link.

Direktør for Spillerforeningen, Mads Øland, der også er bestyrelsesmedlem i FIFPro, bakker op om FIFA’s regler på området:

”Når FIFA har en regel, der skal beskytte imod trafficking af mindreårige fra den tredje verden, skal alle de danske klubber naturligvis overholde det. Reglen er nødvendig. Ellers ender vi i den ubehagelige situation, hvor mange europæiske klubber vil kappes om at hente en stor mængde håbefulde mindreårige spillere ind. Efter en grovsortering vil de fleste blive sendt hjem med et nederlag i bagagen. Eller endnu værre bliver de sendt fra klub til klub i Europa. Kun få slipper igennem nåleøjet, som det har været tilfældet i FCM.”

Klare regler på området

Kernen i sagen drejer sig om artikel 19 i FIFA’s regelsæt om transfer af spillere.

”FIFA’s regler er heldigvis meget klare på området, og der gøres ikke nogen undtagelser for, at klubber må få spilletilladelse til en spiller, hvad enten denne er på amatørbasis eller er studerende ved siden af,” udtaler Mads Øland.

FIFA har i et nyudkommet officielt dokument (”Commentary on the Regulations for the Status and Transfer of Players”) selv kommenteret fortolkningen af reglen, hvor det fastslås, at de enkelte landes fodboldforbund har ansvaret for ikke at udstede spilletilladelse til en spiller, hvis ikke reglen er overholdt. I FIFA’s “Commentary on the Regulations for the Status and Transfer of Players” lyder det om artikel 19 i transfer reglerne:

“(…) Associations (DBU, red.) and leagues shall ensure the correct application of these provisions and make sure that the requirements set out in this article are observed whenever a club applies for the registration of a player who is under the age of 18.

If a club does not comply with the aforementioned provisions, the association shall not register the player.”

Se den fulde version af FIFA’s “Commentary on the Regulations for the Status and Transfer of Players” via nedenstående link.

En sag med fortilfælde

FIFA har tidligere behandlet lignende sager, hvor det blev fastslået, at klubber ikke må tilknytte mindreårige fra fx Sydamerika eller Afrika.

Således fik den spanske klub Cadiz ikke lov til at hente en mindreårig spiller fra Paraguay i 2005, og den internationale sportsdomstol CAS anerkendte FIFA’s ret til at håndhæve reglerne om beskyttelsen af mindreårige. Se den fulde version af CAS’ dom via nedenstående link.

I den danske sag er det nu derfor op til FIFA’s Player’s Status Committee at udmåle en passende straf for overtrædelsen af reglerne i Danmark til DBU og FC Midtjylland.

FAKTA:

Artikel 19 fra FIFA’s “Regulations for the Status and Transfer of Players”:

“Article 19 – Protection of Minors:

1. International transfers of players are only permitted if the player is over the age of 18.

2. The following three exceptions to this rule apply:

a) The player’s parents move to the country in which the New Club is located for reasons not linked to football; or

b) The transfer takes place within the territory of the European Union (EU) or European Economic Area (EEA) and the player is aged between 16 and 18. In this case, the New Club must fulfil the following minimum obligations:

i. It shall provide the player with an adequate football education and/or training in line with the highest national standards.

ii. It shall guarantee the player an academic and/or school and/or vocational education and/or training, in addition to his football education and/or training, which will allow the player to pursue a career other than football should he cease playing professional football.

iii. It shall make all necessary arrangements to ensure that the player is looked after in the best possible way (optimum living standards with a guest family or in club accommodation, appointment of a mentor at the club etc.).

iv. It shall, on registration of such a player, provide the relevant Association with proof that it is complying with the aforementioned obligations; or

c) The player lives no further than 50 km from a national border, and the club for which the player wishes to be registered in the neighbouring Association is also within 50 km of that border. The maximum distance between the player’s domicile and the club’s quarters shall be 100 km. In such cases, the player must continue to live at home and the two Associations concerned must give their explicit consent.

3. The conditions of this article shall also apply to any player who has never previously been registered for a club and is not a national of the country in which he wishes to be registered for the first time.

4. Each Association shall ensure the respect of this provision by its clubs.

5. The Players’ Status Committee shall be competent to decide on any dispute arising in relation to these matters and shall impose appropriate sanctions in case of violation of this provision.”

Se den fulde version af fra FIFA’s “Regulations for the Status and Transfer of Players” via nedenstående link.

Links til dokumenter (PDF-format)

FIFPro’s klage til Player’s Status Committee, FIFA

Regulations for the Status and Transfer of Players


Commentary on the Regulations for the Status and Transfer of Players

CAS’ afgørelse i sagen “Cadiz Caballero vs. FIFA”

For yderligere kommentarer kontakt:

Mads Øland, tlf.: 23 20 07 15




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